Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Most Hazardous, Most Inflammable, Most Explosive, Most Toxic and Most Corrosive Chemicals in this planet

Whenever we hear the word ‘chemical’, we imagine of acid eating metals or corrosive alkali which burns our skin or colorful liquids in test-tubes. Most of us pretty much know by instinct that we should be careful in chemistry lab as there are sulphuric acid, nitric acid and many other chemicals which can give you painful chemical burn. But most of us have no idea how the most dangerous most hazardous chemicals are. You probably haven’t seen those chemicals in real life and after reading this you would wish that you never come close to them.

The list of most dangerous chemicals consist of chemical which can blow you into pieces if you just touch it or kill you instantly if you just inhale it or it can burn down everything or eat through glass, concrete as if they are cotton candy. Few of them are so dangerous that no scientists want them in his lab.


It belongs to same family as RDX but much stronger than it. RMX is heavily used in C4 devices and missiles. It’s heck of an explosive.

Azidoazide Azide:

It was first produced in a German lab during a US-German project to produce high energy compound. It is little too high. German scientist reported that sensitivity of this compound is beyond measurement. It explodes if you touch it, move it, expose to bright light or heat or just do nothing. So, in conclusion, no matter what they do, it is going to explode. 

Its molecule has 14 nitrogen atoms bonding with each-other through single bond or double bond. So, all nitrogen atoms want to attain the most stable state i.e. triple bond with another nitrogen atom. Hence, molecules are so unstable.

Fluroantimonic acid: the Super Acid

 It is the most corrosive acid which eats through glass, concrete as if those are cotton candies.

How dangerous it is:
·         It explodes when it comes in contact of water and produce tremendous amount of heat.
·         Evolves highly toxic vapors.
·         Fluoroantimonic acid is 2×1019 (20 quintillion) times stronger than 100% sulfuric acid. Fluoroantimonic acid has a H0 (Hammett acidity function) value of -31.3.
·         Dissolves glass and many other materials and protonates nearly all organic compounds (such as everything in your body, it can even burn through your bones). This acid is stores in PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) containers.
If you have fascination for acid, it is highly recommended for you to ignore this fellow.

Chlorine Trifluoride: The most inflammable substance:

It can burn almost everything, even things which are not considered burnable like stone, brick, sand, asbestos etc. Chlorine trifluoride's fluorination and oxidation power surpasses the oxidizing power of oxygen. The fire it produced which is a fluronine fire can’t be extinguished by general fire control or suppression system fire-brigade use. Means once it starts burning it wouldn’t stop until turn everything to ash. During World War II, Germans were planning to produce 90 ton of it per month to melt enemy bunkers but in the end, this dangerous fire-child made even Nazis scared.

Dimethyl Cadmium: Pretty much most toxic element:

Few microgram of this compound in a cubic metre of air exceed the safety limit.
We know that cyanide is an assassin. Let us compare this fellow to cyanide. Fatal dose of cyanide is 1.5mg/kg body weight, means almost 100 mg potassium cyanide is required to kill a 70kg person. But few mg of dimethyl cadmium is enough to kill you. It get dissolved in blood quickly and travels to blood-rich organs like heart, kidney, lungs and damage them. If you manage to survive that it will bring you down with cancer. Cyanide works faster. Fatal cyanide dose kills in 10-15 sec but dimethyl cadmium takes much longer than that. You will be fine if cyanide dose is much lesser than its fatal dose as their is antidote. But one way or another, dimethyl cadmium will kill for sure and nothing can stop it and not 100 mg, 1 mg is suffice for that task.




Stay with 'The Journal' for weekly publications and feed your curiosity:
 That is all for now from me, Saphyaire
Take Care and keep feeding your curiosity